After releasing the DoubleClou ICE, I finally got some time to write what I had experienced with Paypal as a user and developer. Because the DoubleCloud ICE is productivity tool that sells within $100, I want people to buy it online quickly and easily. Given Paypal’s #1 position in online payment, I turned to Paypal without much thinking. After that I had gone through all the integration process from initial research to bring the site to production.
Go is a relatively new programming language coming out of Google. It’s getting popular with more new projects using it. Two of the container software, Docker and Rocket are both using Go.
At high level, the Go programming language is very much like C but with many improvements. To my curiosity, I started to study Go and get ready for future consulting projects. Here are the note on installation and a few samples along my learning path.
Ruby is a very interesting programming language. One powerful feature is its meta programming capability, which allows you to change the programming constructs at run-time. For example, you can change the definition of an existing class from standard library, which could be useful and dangerous at the same time. That is of course a whole other topic.
I came across Vagrant a while back at a bookstore. After browsing it, I didn’t get my hands dirty with it until recently. I started to play with it because one of my clients uses it in setting up development environment for convenience and consistency.
Just fixed an issue related to configuration of Logback recently. You may be wondering why the Logback is used given that it’s much less known than Log4j and Java Logging. Very good question. This page from Logback may provide you some insights. I haven’t tested the performance, but it’s said to be 10 times faster than others. There is also an independent version of comparison on StackOverflow. After browsing it, I didn’t have an impression that I have to use one over the other.
Authentication is to verify users are really whom they claim they are. Since its inception, HTTP(s) has used different approaches like BASIC authentication, Form based authentication. Both require passing the user name and password from the client to the server. It’s definitely not good idea to use HTTP because the password is passed as it is or with very limited encoding like BASE64 – very easy to intercept the IP packets and extract out the password. When HTTPs is used, it’s much harder to get the password as all the traffic are encrypted. Still it’s subject to attacks like man-in-the-middle.
Building software is a very important part of software development cycle. In the C/C++ age, we used make and continue to use it today. When it came to Java age, two important build tools emerged: Ant and Maven. The former is very similar to make, but instead of script it uses XML. Both make and Ant describe HOW to build software in steps. The Maven takes a quite different approach – it describes WHAT the built software is using XML, and leaves the how to the Maven and its plugins.
Logging is an important for software development and operation. Over the time, the log files can grow fast to fill up the disk space. To avoid the problem, log files are rotated, compressed, and deprecated based on certain rules, for example, periodically, over certain size limit, and retention limit.
Most mordern logging frameworks can do log rotation and compression, but different applications may use different frameworks thus configure them differently. If you want to have a solution across different applications for consistent policies, the logrote (https://fedorahosted.org/logrotate/) is a good choice.
It’s not common to do something with Java source code programmatically, but I find the javaparser project is very handy if such a use case comes up. It’s a Java 1.5 parser with AST generation and visitor support. With the API, you can access various elements in the source code like class, methods, statements, javadoc, comments, etc.
The JavaFX is not really a new feature, but it’s the first time for it to make into a major Java release. JavaFX has a pretty long history as the next big thing for building cross platform GUI applications. Initially it has its own scripting language and hasn’t made its way in the Java community. The reason is simple: although the JavaFX has richer features on graphics, it does not seem worth learning a new language for it. For a long time, I was wonder why Sun didn’t use the investment to improve its Swing library which has much bigger audience than JavaFX.
I haven’t written Java code to access relational database for a while. Over the years there have been lots of progresses, especially with various Object Relational Mapping (ORM) frameworks. With these frameworks, accessing relational databases becomes pretty easy. In some cases, you don’t have to know SQL at all. Of course understanding SQL is always an advantage.
One of the most famous framework to support map-reduce for large scale data processing, a.k.a. BigData, is Hadoop as I introduced almost two years ago here. Data processing wise, the Java 8 stream API can do pretty much the same. Here is a quick sample that shows how it count number of words in string. There are significant differences in how they are implemented and the cases in which they should be used. Let’s discuss them after the sample.
Java Collections APIs consists of well designed classes and interfaces for managing all sorts of data structures. With Java 8, there is a new enhancement called Stream API related to the Collection APIs (see What’s New in JDK 8). I spent some time to study the new feature last week as part of my effort to bring myself up to date with Java 8.
Coming with lambda feature in Java 8 is the method reference feature. It allows programmers to use methods as variables, and parameters to other methods. It works for class constructors too, where the method name is unanimously “new.’
There are four types of method references per Oracle documentation. Syntax wise, they all look similar with double colons as shown in the following sample code.
Following the last article about Lambda feature in Java 8, I spent some more time on other features and will blog about them along the way. It’s a good way to push me to really think through and thus deepen my understanding. This article is about default method which is in fact related to the lambda feature.
On last Tuesday (March 18, 2014), Oracle released the Java SE 8. Here is the official documentation from the company on the new features in Java SE 8, ranging from language itself, libraries, tool, and run-time.
As I introduced in last article, there are two sets of APIs in UCS Director: north bound APIs, and south bound APIs. The north bound APIs are REST styled, allowing other applications to invoke UCS Director functionalities, or simply retrieve information from UCS Director. We’ll go through the REST APIs in details so that you can quickly get started with it.
In a recent project using Nginx as reversed proxy server, I got into an interesting problem: how can the server behind the Nginx tell whether a HTTP request comes from remote host or local host? If I just look at the IP header of the request, they are all local because the reversed-proxied packets from remote seems to be sent from local as well. So I cannot really tell the source of a HTTP request.
While debugging a vSphere Web Client plugin project, I found it’s not easy to refresh the services with the Virgo server which acts as the back end for the plugin GUI but as client for the vCenter server. Packaged as OSGi bundle, it’s supposed to be easy to reload the service. Mixed together with various components in the plugins, however, it’s sometimes not quite straight forward for the re-deployment for updated code. Here is a brute force approach I found while playing with it.