If you run VMware Player, you would have 3 networking options for virtual machines running there: Bridged, NAT, Host-Only. In the latest 5.0.1, I also found a new one: LAN Segment. This blog has a nice explanation on these three settings if you want to get more details.
In most of cases, I use NAT for networking because the virtual machine can have Internet access which allows me to install additional software as needed. By default, VMware Player uses DHCP to dynamically assign IP address while using NAT. So you cannot guarantee to get same IP address after each rebooting.
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You can set static IP address for a VM running on VMware Player with a little trick. On a Debian Linux machine like Ubuntu, you can edit a configuration file:
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$ sudo vim /etc/network/interfaces # This file describes the network interfaces available on your system # and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5) # The loopback network interface auto lo iface lo inet loopback # The primary network interface auto eth0 iface eth0 inet static address 192.168.47.200 netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 192.168.47.255 gateway 192.168.47.2 dns-nameservers 192.168.47.2
After saving the file, you would like to restart the network so that the change take effect:
$ sudo service networking restart
In my case, the VMnet8 which is the network adapter for the NAT network has an IP address of 192.168.47.1. When I first modified the interfaces file, I used it as the gateway IP address and failed to ping outside the network.
To figure it out why, I reversed back to the DHCP configuration (change the ifacce line to “iface eth0 dhcp” and delete the lines afterwards). In the DHCP mode, typing command “route –n” will show working gateway IP address: 192.168.47.2.
By default, the gateway IP is configured to use X.X.X.2. This can be changed with Virtual Network Editor which is not included in VMware Player. I will show you how to hack it in next post.
Update: for Fodera Linux like RedHat, CentOS, you can configure static IPs as follows:
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## define eth0 interface # vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 DEVICE=eth0 NM_CONTROLLED=no ONBOOT=yes HWADDR=00:50:56:37:F1:04 TYPE=Ethernet BOOTPROTO=static IPADDR=192.168.1.8 NETMASK=255.255.255.0 ## set Default Gateway # vi /etc/sysconfig/network NETWORKING=yes HOSTNAME=web.example.com GATEWAY=192.168.1.1 # Restart Network Interface # service network restart # chkconfig network on # service NetworkManager stop # chkconfig NetworkManager off ## Configure DNS Server # # vi /etc/resolv.conf nameserver 192.168.1.1 nameserver 126.96.36.199 # Google's DNS server
If you run into issue with cloned virtual machine changes eth0 to eth1, you can
# rm -f /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules # reboot
Update: for SUSE Linux which is used by vCenter virtual appliance, the static IP address can be changed as follows:
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vCSA:~ # vim /etc/sysconfig/network/ifcfg-eth0 DEVICE=eth0 BOOTPROTO='static' STARTMODE='auto' TYPE=Ethernet USERCONTROL='no' IPADDR='192.168.1.8' NETMASK='255.255.255.0' BROADCAST='192.168.0.255'